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AS, General aspects
AS, Sacroiliitis - radiography
AS, Sacroiliitis - MRI
AS, Spine - radiography
AS, Spine - MRI
AS, Spinal fractures
AS, Other joints
Other forms of SpA
Psoriatic arthritis
Reactive arthritis
Enteropathic arthritis
Undifferentiated SpA
PAO / SAPHO / CNO
Juvenile spondyloarthritis
Diagnosis of AS sacroiliitis by radiography

For many years conventional radiography has been used to diagnose sacroiliitis, and the findings by radiography are still part of the accepted international diagnostic criteria for ankylosing spondylitis. The method can only show structural damage of the joints and/or bone. The diagnosis can therefore be difficult to obtain and may be delayed for many years unless radiography early in the disease is replaced or supplemented by cross sectional imaging (CT or MRI).

The severity of sacroiliac joint changes is usually classified according to the New York criteria in 5 grades, doi:10.1002/art.1780270401.

  • Grade 0: Normal findings.
  • Grade 1: Suspicious changes.
  • Grade 2: Minimal abnormality with small areas of erosions or sclerosis without alteration in the joint width.
  • Grade 3: Unequivocal abnormality - moderate or advanced sacroiliitis consisting of erosion, sclerosis, widening, narrowing, and/or partial joint fusion (ankylosis).
  • Grade 4: Severe abnormality in the form of total ankylosis.

To establish an AS diagnosis, there must be at least bilateral grade 2 changes or unilateral grade 3 changes.


Figure showing the different grades by radiography.

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